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Pakistan Basic Facts
Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
President of Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf, President
Prime Minister of Pakistan Shaukat Aziz
Capital Islamabad
Area 796,095 Sq. km. 
Punjab: 205,344 
Sindh: 140,914  
North West Frontier Province: 74,521 
Balochistan: 347,190 
Federally Administered Tribal Areas: 27,220 
Islamabad (Pakistan Capital): 906 
Pakistan Population 159,196,336 (July 2004 est.)
Ethnic composition 97% Muslims (77% Sunni, 20% Shi'a), 3% Christian, Hindu and others
Per capita income US$ 652
Currency Pak Rupee
Exports Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items  carpets, sports goods, fruits, handicrafts Sea Food (Fisheries)
Imports Industrial equipment, vehicles, iron ore,  petroleum, edible oil
Languages Urdu (National language) 
English (Official) & More other Languages include Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi, Salaiki & ....
Literacy rate 45.7%
Government  Parliamentary form
Parliament It consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).   The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 87 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.  The National Assembly has a total membership of 217 elected through adult suffrage (Muslim 207 and Minorities 10).
Pakistan National Flag Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolises Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam and Islamic world.
National Anthem Approved in June, 1954 
Verses Composed by: Abul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri 
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla 
Duration: 80 seconds
Click here to Download " National Anthem of Pakistan ".
State Emblem The State Emblem consists of: 
1. The crescent and star which is symbol of Islam 
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops 
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage 
4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline
National Flower Jasmine
Flora Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
Fauna The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buk, Neelgai, Markhor, Marcopolo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Water Fowls
Popular games Cricket, Hockey, Football
Tourist's resorts Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh
Major Cities Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Multan, Sialkot and Faisalabad
Agriculture Major crops are cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane
Total cropped area 22.14 million hectares
Industry Textiles, cement, fertilizer, steel, sugar, electric goods, shipbuilding
Energy Major sources: 
Oil, Coal, Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear and Liquid Petroleum Gas   WAPDA's total installed power generating capacity: 11,246 MW
Health Hospitals: 830 
Beds: 86,921 
Doctors registered: 74,229 
Dentists registered: 2,938 
Nurses registered: 22,810
Education Primary schools: 150,963 
Middle schools: 14,595 
High schools: 9,808 
Arts & science colleges: 798 
Professional colleges: 161 
Universities: 35 (10 in Private sector)
Transport & Communication Total length of roads: 228,206 km 
Pakistan Railway network: 8,775 km 
Railway stations: 781 
Pakistan International Airlines: Covers 55 international and 38 domestic stations 
Major Airports: 6 - Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar and Gwadar
Seaports International : 2 - Karachi and Bin Qasim 
Domestic: 3 - Minora, Gwadar and Pasni
Communications Post Offices: 13,419 
Telephone connections: 2.47 million 
Public Call Offices: 10,000 
Telegraph offices: 427
Employment Total Labour force: 37.15 million 
Agriculture sector: 47% 
Manufacturing & Mining sector: 10.50% 
Others: 42.50%
Media a. Print Media 
Dailies: 424 
Weeklies: 718 
Fortnightlies: 107 
Monthlies: 553  
b. News Agencies 
APP (official) 
PPI & NNI (Pvt) 
c. Electronic Media 
Pakistan Television: Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 87% population 
Registered TV sets: 2,823,800 
115 million
  Radio stations: Total 23, Home services in 20 languages. External services cover 70 countries in 15 languages  Private TV/Radio: Radio stations 3, TV transmitter channels 2, Private News Agencies 2
Banks Central Bank: State Bank of Pakistan  

Other Banks: National Bank of Pakistan, Habib Bank Ltd., Muslim Commercial Bank Ltd., Allied Bank of Pakistan Ltd., First Woman Bank, Mehran Bank and the Bank of Punjab  Specialised Banks: Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan, Federal Bank for Co-operatives, Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan, The Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank, Banker's Equity and National Development Finance Corporation

Famous Mountain Peaks K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin): 28,250 ft./8611 m  (2nd in World) 
Nanga Parbat : 26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World) 
Gasherbrum-I: 26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)
Famous Mountain Passes The Khyber Pass  
The Kurram Pass 
The Tochi Pass 
The Gomal Pass 
The Bolan Pass 
The Lowari Pass 
The Khunjrab Pass 
The Indus 2896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km
Famous Glaciers
Siachin 75 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 62 km
Deserts Thar: Sindh 
Cholistan: Punjab 
Thal: Punjab
Manchar Sindh
Keenjar Sindh
Hanna Balochistan
Saif-ul-Maluk NWFP
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas
Major Dams
Mangla Dam Punjab
Tarbela Dam North West Frontier Province
Warsak Dam North West Frontier Province

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